modern city with an ancient history.
Discover the history of a city that has always been considered the economic
and moral Capital of Italy, the leader in practically all business
sectors, in the world of professionals and technological innovation. The
current day Milan has it roots planted in a past that has bestowed on
us a patrimony of art and culture; which isn't rare for towns in
Italy, but not all of them have so much to offer.
The world famous "L'ultima cena" by Da Vinci, the Opera House - La Scala,
the numerous museums and art galleries: many of Milan's treasures are
hidden to the less attentive eyes of its inhabitants, but it's all there,
waiting to be discovered.
Milan is situated in the North of Italy, in the middle of the vast area
of the Padana plains, in a truly strategic position for the paths
that lead to the heart of Europe. Nowadays, Milan can be considered on
the edge between the Northern and Southern part of the world. It is a
gateway to the companies that are seeking to enter the national and European
business market. It is also a portal for a large number of immigrants
that arrive from emerging countries searching for job opportunities and
hoping for a better future. And for numerous others, for example, those
whom intend to continue their studies in the many avant-garde scientific
and educational structures that the city has to offer.
Milan is truly one of the few "complete" Italian cities, able to
reconcile economic and social realities. It is active in many fields of
culture and research. It is a busy and advanced Metropolis that attracts
millions of people every year, offering a multitude of opportunities in
the fields of education, employment, entertainment and tourism.
Duomo, which traditionally symbolizes the city of Milan, is the
most extraordinary example of Italian late Gothic art. It ranks third
in terms of dimension after the Saint Peter's Basilica at the Vatican
in Rome and Seville's Cathedral.
Located in the very heart of the city it represents both the core of the
city and the unavoidable destination of countless visitors from Italy
and abroad. The construction of the Duomo began in 1386 promoted
by Gian Galeazzo Visconti, lord of Milan, and continued for centuries.
The Duomo is entirely covered from its base with pinkish-white marble.
In the facade five large portals are inserted carrying high-reliefs illustrating
sacred and historical scenes such as "The life of Sant'Ambrogio". Wide
slabs of marble make up the roof of the Duomo which can be reached by
a steep external staircase, consisting of 919 steps, carved between
the left side and the transept. The effort of "climbing" the Duomo is
highly rewarded by the magnificent view of the surrounding plain
up to the Alps; should the weather be ungenerous it will still be possible
to enjoy the vision of the "Madonnina" , the golden statue of the
Virgin Mary, the 135 lace-like spires and the many statues which decorate
the roof. On entering the majestic interior of the cross-shaped cathedral,
the sight is captured by the polychrome stained glass windows depicting
scenes from the life of the saints. The eight naves of the Cathedral are
divided by 52 gigantic pillars topped by a series of niches with statues.
Underground: line 1 - Stop: Duomo
line 3 - Stop: Duomo
The Cathedral is open
everyday from 7:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m.
Working days: morning - 7:99, 7:30, 8:00, 9:00, 10:00, 11:00 a.m. afternoon
- 12.45, 5:30, 6:15 p.m.
Holidays: morning - 7:00, 8:00, 9:30; 10:00, 11:00 a.m. afternoon - 12:30,
Ascent to the Madonnina Statue from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00/6:30 p.m.
depending on year period
Admission fee: By lift: € 6,00 By stairs: € 4,00.
Tickets can be bought at the bookshop.
Bookshop: From9:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.
Vittorio Emanuele II
renowned Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II, one of the first buildings
in Europe built in glass and iron, was inaugurated in 1867
by King Vittorio Emanuele II himself.
It is called
il salotto di Milano (Milan's sitting room) because it
is the traditional meeting place of the Milanese; indeed it offers a wide
range of cafés, restaurants such the historical restaurant Savini as well
as fashion boutiques and the most important bookshops in the city. It
is on the plan of a Latin cross with an octagonal centre, the famous Ottagono
regarded by every single Milanese as the heart of the city and is dominated
by a central dome expanding into four branches one of which overlooking
Piazza Duomo. The main branch connects Piazza Duomo with Piazza Scala
and is the preferred promenade for La Scala amateurs who love strolling
around with their fashionable evening dresses before enjoying a performance
at La Scala Theatre.
history, acoustic and the outstanding level of its performances have made
La Scala Theatre one of the best known temples of lyric and classical
music in the world. The theatre was founded under
the auspices of Empress Maria Theresa of Austria to replace the
Royal Ducal Theatre, destroyed by fire in 1776. On 7 December 2004 the
season was opened at La Scala after a three-year break due to complex
restoration and renovation works. During the restoration the artistic
activity took place in the Arcimboldi Theatre. The most evident
aspects of the works undergone are the modernization of the service mechanical
plants and the new stage tower now sitting at the back of the building.
The 7 December première is one of the most awaited cultural and
social events in the year and gathers the most prominent personalities
from the fields of culture, politics, industry worldwide as well as the
most popular TV and cinema stars. La Scala Theatre is home to the best
opera singers and conductors and offers a broad repertoire which attracts
thousand of visitors and opera buffs.
How to get there: By underground: red line - stop Duomo / yellow line
- stops: Duomo, Montenapoleone By bus: no. 61 By tram: no 1 and 2
Built for purely defensive reasons by Galeazzo II Visconti around
1368, the Castello lost its initial destination as a fortress to assume
that of a kingly dwelling but only to resume its original role of efficient
fortress in 1450 under Francesco Sforza, the new Lord of Milan. His successor,
Ludovico il Moro, turned the Castello into one of the most sumptuous
courts of Renaissance Italy and a point of attraction of the most
talented artists of the time. With the sixteenth century began the slow
and fatal decline of this massive building. In the eighteenth century
the Castello was taken over by the Austrians who, with the exception of
the French rule by Napoleon between 1796- 1814, kept it until the liberation
of Lombardy by Vittorio Emanuele II. Its reconstruction was carried out
by the famous architect Luca Beltrami who, starting in 1893, brought the
Castello back to its former model. Among the many interesting centres
of attractions of the castle, it is worthwhile mentioning the impressive
Tower of Filarete, the huge Piazza d'Armi Courtyard, the
Rocchetta Courtyard and the small Courtyard of the Fountain.
This famous painting, commenced by Leonardo Da Vinci in 1495 and completed
in 1497, is considered one of the most significant art creations worldwide.
The painting shows Jesus announcing to his twelve Apostles that one of
them was going to betray him. Da Vinci painted his masterpiece using strong
tempera on a dry wall instead of a wet one; this is the reason why
it begun to fade soon after its completion. In time, the fresco has undergone
a number of restoration interventions, of which the most recent
was begun in 1978 and finished in 1999. The work has made original pictorial
excerpts re-emerge and has shown more of Da Vinci's sense of color and
drawing techniques. After the restoration, a sophisticated air filtering
system was installed to impede the entry of dust, damp, vapor and
area characterized by the Navigli is certainly one of the most picturesque
in the city. Its core is constituted by Porta Ticinese, one of the
ancient city gates and the Darsena, the famous dockyard of the past which
is no longer in use. Here, every Saturday morning the Fiera di Senigallia
takes place, the bustling flea market where second-hand goods and antiques
may be found at very colourful stalls. At the great basin of Darsena Dockyard
meet the Naviglio Grande and the Naviglio Interno: the former
carries the waters of Lake Maggiore and the latter the waters of Como
Lake. A third one, the Naviglio Pavese flows towards River Ticino
and joins after a while River Po. Nowadays along the Canals, boutiques,
ateliers, craftsmen's workshops and antique shops which build up one of
the most exclusive shopping areas in the city, display their beautiful
creations and products. Along the canal banks many opportunities of nightlife
entertainment are offered by the district's countless bars, pubs, wineries,
osterie, traditional restaurants and discos.
In Milan, nearly all shops are shut on Sundays. Non-food shops
are closed on Monday mornings as well: food shops are open on Monday mornings
but closed on Mon afternoon. For Sunday shopping, there are the
multimedia stores in Galleria Vittorio Emanuele, Piazza Duomo, Corso Vittorio
Emanuele and Via Torino, a few fashion stores on Corso Vittorio Emanuele,
and, near Garibaldi station, Corso Como.
The range of retail outlets in Milan runs from the high fashion boutiques,
to small shops, department stores, supermarkets, discount outlets, and
street markets. Some parts of the city have a specific character as
Montenapoleone and the adjoining streets (within the area bordered
by Via della Spiga, Corso Venezia, Via Bigli and Via Manzoni) are the
high fashion area.
are furniture and lighting shops in Corso Matteotti, Corso Monforte
and Via Durini.
Piazza San Babila, Corso Vittorio Emanuele, Piazza Duomo (including
Galleria Vittorio Emanuele) and Via Dante form a continuous pedestrian
precinct with many shops, mainly clothes, but also books and media.
Other important, less central shopping streets include Corso Buenos
Aires (near the station), Corso XXII Marzo, and Corso Vercelli.
Via Torino is strong on fashion for young people.
Brera district, around the like-named academy and gallery, was once
the reign of artists: there are still a number of private galleries in
Via Brera, Via del Carmine and Via Solferino, but these streets are now
great for shopping.
Fiori Chiari, Via Madonnina and Piazza del Carmine form another attractive
pedestrian precinct with small, interesting shops, and in the evening
the area is kept lively by virtue of the many bars and cafés.
di Porta Ticinese, particularly in the stretch between the churches
of San Lorenzo and Sant'Eustorgio, has many trendy, ethnic-type shops
for clothes, furniture etc., and it has also become a focal point for
It is close to another characteristic shopping and nightlife area, the
Navigli canal district (Ripa di Porta Ticinese, Via Ascanio Sforza).
On the Naviglio Grande canal, on the last Sunday of each month,
there is a large antiques market with stalls selling everything from postcards
Paolo Sarpi is the home to Milan's Chinatown (actually just
a few streets), and so here there are many shops selling their specialities,
in particular leatherware.